The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a developing fetus will grow. The uterus is
normally in a straight vertical position. Some women have a tipped or tilted uterus, in which the uterus is tipped
backwards toward the back of the pelvis.
What causes a tipped uterus?
A tipped uterus may occur for several reasons including:
As a woman matures the uterus may not move into a forward position.
Childbirth can tip the uterus forward or backward. If the ligaments holding the uterus in place
stretch, or lose their tension during pregnancy, the uterus can become tipped. In most cases, the
uterus returns to a forward position after childbirth.
Scarring from adhesions as a result of endometriosis or fibroids can also cause the uterus to shift to
a tilted or retroflexed state. Sometimes a uterine suspension is used in conjunction with treatments
for endometriosis to prevent the formation of adhesions after surgery.
What are some symptoms of a tipped uterus?
Some women do not experience any symptoms. However, the primary symptoms of a tipped uterus
Other symptoms may include:
How is a tipped uterus diagnosed?
Your physician can perform a simple physical exam to determine if you have a tipped uterus. This
can be done during a routine pelvic exam. If you suspect that you have a tipped uterus, discuss it with your
What other terms are used to describe a tipped
There are many alternate ways of referring to a tipped uterus. However, all of the terms mean
that the uterus is tipped backwards toward the back of the pelvis.
Common terms include:
Medical professionals may use the following terms:
Retroversion of the uterus
Symptomatic uterine retroversion
Symptomatic uterine retroflexion
Reflexion of the uterus
What is the treatment for a tipped uterus?
If you have a tipped uterus and are experiencing symptoms, your physician may recommend surgery
to reposition the uterus. A uterine suspension can typically reduce the pain experienced during intercourse and/or
menstruation. This surgical procedure is used to reposition a tipped uterus from its backward facing position to a
forward facing position. The UPLIFT procedure is a newer and improved method of performing a uterine suspension. It
has been proven to have fewer postoperative complications than other uterine suspension procedures. Uterine
repositioning provides lasting pain relief in most cases of painful sex and in some cases of painful
A tipped uterus can also be repositioned by:
"Knee-chest": An exercise that may help reposition a tipped uterus temporarily.
However, this exercise will not be effective if the uterus has become tipped because of endometriosis,
fibroid tumors, or pelvic infections.
Pessary: A plastic or silicone device that is placed in the vagina to reposition a
tipped uterus. It is generally considered a temporary solution for pelvic pain because long term use
can lead to vaginal infections.
Can a tipped uterus prevent pregnancy?
Typically a tipped uterus is only thought to be the cause of infertility after all other
possible reasons for fertility problems have been ruled out. Your doctor might recommend a uterine suspension or
UPLIFT procedure if there is no other explanation for your fertility problems. However, this is not common.
How can a tipped uterus affect my pregnancy?
Usually between the 10th -12th week of pregnancy, your uterus will no longer be tipped or
"backwards." This should cause no difficulty for the pregnancy or for labor and birth. If the uterus does not move
into a "middle" position, miscarriage can occur, but this is very rare.