Stages Of Pregnancy
All About Early Signs Of Pregnancy and Other Pregnancy Related Information
Pregnancy Week By Week Birth Defects and Disorders Labor & Birth After Pregnancy Birth Control

Overview: Birth Control

  Signs of Pregnancy  Pregnancy Ultrasound  Breastfeeding  
Method How it is Used Failure Rate Risks & Side Effects

Abstinence

No sexual intercourse and no type of contact between the male and female sexual organs where bodily fluids could be exchanged

0%

No Side Effects

Cervical Cap

A soft rubber barrier that covers the cervix in order to prevent sperm from entering into the uterus

20% (40% after childbirth)

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

Condom - Female

A sheath, often made of latex rubber, inserted into the vaginal to block the passage of sperm

21%

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

Condom - Male

A sheath, often made of latex rubber, covers the erect penis to block the passage of sperm

14%

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

Depo-Provera Injection

Injection of Progestin that is given every 3 months to prevent ovulation, change cervical mucus to block sperm, and change the lining or the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg

0.3%

Irregular or missed menstrual cycle,Weight gain, Breast tenderness

Diaphragm

A soft rubber dome that covers the cervix to block the passage of sperm.

20%

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

Fertility Awareness

Using the menstrual cycle and other tools to predict ovulation, and abstaining from intercourse during these expected fertile times

25%

No Side Effects

Intrauterine Device (IUD) - Copper

A device is inserted into a woman's uterus (by a doctor) to block sperm and change the uterus lining to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg

0.8%

Ectopic pregnancies, Increased bleeding during menstrual cycle, Severe menstruation cramps, Perforation of the uterus, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Intrauterine Device (IUD) - Progesterone

2%

Lunelle Injection

Injection os Progestin and Estrogen that is given every month to prevent ovulation, change cervical mucus to block sperm, and change the lining or the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg

0.1 - 1%

Similar to oral contraceptives

Nothing/Chance

No birth control method

85%

No Side Effects

Oral Contraceptive (estrogen/progestin)

Taken daily by women to suppress ovulation and change the lining of the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg

5%

Nausea, Headaches, Weight gain, Depression, Irregular Bleeding

*Women who smoke are advised not to take oral contraceptives

Oral Contraceptive (progestin only)

Taken daily by women to change cervical mucus to block sperm and also changes the uterus lining to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg

5%

Breast tenderness, Weight gain, Menstrual cycle changes

*Women who smoke are advised not to take oral contraceptives

Ortho-Evra Patch

A patch containing synthetic hormones placed on your skin works same as oral contraceptives

0.1 - 1%

Similar to oral contraceptives

Spermicide (only)

A jelly, foam, or cream containing chemicals that kill sperm

26%

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

A soft saucer-shaped polyurethane sponge that blocks the cervix and absorbs semen

20% (40% after childbirth)

No Side Effects (unless allergic)

Sterilization - Female

Permanent surgical procedure to prevent pregnancy - fallopian tube is damaged to prevent passage of eggs and sperm

0.5%

If a woman conceives after a sterilization procedure there is a risk of an ectopic pregnancies.

Sterilization - Male

Permanent surgical procedure to prevent pregnancy - vas deferens tube is damaged to prevent passage of sperm into ejaculate

0.2%

No Side Effects

Withdrawal

Withdrawal of the penis before ejaculation

19%

No Side Effects