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Before your cesarean section procedure, you will be given anesthesia to numb the pain. The doctor will then make either a vertical or horizontal incision in your abdomen and your uterus. After the incision is made, your baby will be delivered through it, and your placenta will be removed. After the cesarean section procedure, the incision will be closed with either staples or stitches.

Before the Cesarean Section Procedure

After you have received cesarean section anesthesia, a catheter (plastic tube) will be placed in your bladder to drain your urine during the surgery. Your lower abdomen is then washed with a special disinfectant cleanser, and you will be covered with sterile sheets. This helps protect you against infections.

During the Cesarean Section Procedure

To begin the cesarean section, your doctor will make a 6- to 8-inch incision in your abdomen directly over your uterus. The incision can be either horizontal, which is side to side, or vertical, which is up and down. The direction of the incision will depend on several factors, including:


Your body's shape and size

The position and size of the baby and your uterus

How quickly the delivery is needed.

If you've had a cesarean section before, your surgeon will usually try to go through the previous scar. Once the surgeon is inside, another incision will be made through the uterus. In most women, the incision is side to side on the lower part of the uterus.

Your baby is then delivered through this opening. The umbilical cord is cut, and your baby is handed to a healthcare provider, who will take him or her to a small, warmly lit plastic crib called a warmer. Then your baby is cleaned and dried and eventually checked by a pediatrician.

 After the Cesarean Section Procedure

After your baby has been delivered, your placenta will be carefully removed from your uterus. At this time, you may also receive PitocinĀ®, which is a drug that causes the uterus to contract and helps prevent serious bleeding. Your doctor will then close the incision on your uterus, and the incisions in your skin will be closed with surgical staples or stitches that will later dissolve on their own.